What are Amphetamines?
Amphetamines are stimulants that can be used legally – as medicine – and illegally – as recreational drugs. Medically-speaking, amphetamines are used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD. Recreationally-speaking, people use amphetamines to get a sense of euphoria and to have more fun.
Amphetamines are also known as speed, uppers, black beauties, ice, and base.
Amphetamines come in different forms: powder, tablets, capsules and crystals.
How is it used?
They can be snorted, swallowed, injected, and smoked. They can also be applied directly to the gums for an instant high.
The immediate effects are usually quite pleasurable, which is why people get addicted. But not everyone experiences positive side-effects. The unpleasant side-effects are very unpleasant indeed. The intensity of the effects depends on several factors, such the quality of the drug, the physical size of the user and the size of the dose.
Pleasant side-effects include:
Unpleasant side-effects include:
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- High blood pressure
- Chest pain
It can take a while to develop an amphetamine addiction, but prolonged use, even for medical reasons, seems to inevitably end in an addiction cycle. Addicts’ bodies depend on the drug to get them through ordinary daily activities. They also crave the drug psychologically and believe that they can’t carry out certain actions without it. There is also the danger that people will develop a tolerance for the drug, which means they need to take it in higher and higher doses to experience any effects.
The crash is also so terrible that many people aim for a constant high.
Amphetamine withdrawal is not pretty, especially if it follows long-term use. The anxiety, depression, confusion, pain, nightmares, and exhaustion can be crippling. Many addicts simply give up and return to the habit.
Intensive in-patient addiction treatment programmes are required to give addicts the help they need to overcome their addictions. A holistic approach to rehabilitation works best. This includes cognitive and behavioural therapy, spiritual counselling and even exercise and nutrition.
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